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初三英语复习资料

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一.名词
I. 名词的门类:
专知名词 平凡名词
国名.地名.人名,
群体.机构名称 可数名词 不可数名词
个体名词 群体名词 笼统名词 物质名词
II. 名词的数:
1. 法度名词的复数形式:
名词的复数形式,平凡在单数形式后面加-s或-es。现将构成办法与读音法度列表如下:
法度 例词
1 平凡状况在词尾加-s map-maps, sea-seas, girl-girls, day-days
2 以s, x, ch, sh结尾的名词后加-es class-classes, box-boxes, watch-watches, dish-dishes
3 以-f或-fe结尾的词 变-f和-fe为v再加-es leaf-leaves, thief-thieves, knife-knives, loaf-loaves, wife-wives
加-s belief-beliefs, chief-chiefs, proof-proofs, roof-roofs, gulf-gulfs
4 以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i加-es party-parties, family-families, story-stories, city-cities
5 以元音字母加y结尾的名词,或专知名词以y结尾的,加-s toy-toys, boy-boys, day-days, ray-rays, Henry-Henrys
6 以辅音字母加-o结尾的名词 平凡加-es hero-heroes, Negro-Negroes, potato-potatoes, tomato-tomatoes
不少外来词加-s piano-pianos, photo-photos, auto-autos, kilo-kilos, solo-solos
两者皆可 zero-zeros/zeroes, volcano-volcanoes/ volcanos
7 以元音字母加-o结尾的名词加-s radio-radios, bamboo-bamboos, zoo-zoos
8 以-th结尾的名词加-s truth-truths, mouth-mouths, month-months, path-paths,
2. 不法度名词复数:
英语里有些名词的复数形式是不法度的,现综合如下:
法度 例词
1 变换名词中的元音字母或其他形式 man-men, woman-women, foot-feet, goose-geese, mouse-mice
2 单复数相同 sheep, deer, series, means, works, fish, species li, yuan, jin,
3 只有复数形式 ashes, trousers, clothes, thanks, goods, glasses, compasses, contents
4 一些群体名词总是用作复数 people, police, cattle, staff
5 部分群体名词既能够作单数(群体)也能够作复数(成员) audience, class, family, crowd, couple, group, committee, government, population, crew, team, public, enemy, party
6 复数形式表示奇特含意 customs(海关), forces(人马), times(时代), spirits(感情), drinks(饮料), sands(沙滩), papers(文件报纸), manners(礼貌), looks(外形), brains(头脑智力), greens(青菜), ruins(废墟)
7 表示“某国人” 加-s Americans, Australians, Germans, Greeks, Swedes, Europeans
单复数同形 Swiss, Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese
以-man或-woman结尾的改为-men,-women Englishmen, Frenchwomen
8 混杂名词 将主体名词变为复数 sons-in-law, lookers-on, passers-by, story-tellers, boy friends
无主体名词时将最后一部分变为复数 grown-ups, housewives, stopwatches
将两部分变为复数 women singers, men servants
III. 名词的所有格:
名词在句中表示所有关系的语法形式叫做名词所有格。所有格分两种:一是名词词尾加’s构成,二是由介词of加名词构成。前者多表示有性命的东西,后者多表示无性命的东西。
1. ’s所有格的构成:
单数名词在末尾加’s the boy’s father, Jack’s book, her son-in-law’s photo,
复数名词 平凡在末尾加’ the teachers’ room, the twins’ mother,
不法度复数名词后加’s the children’s toys, women’s rights,
以s结尾的人名所有格加’s或许’ Dickens’ novels, Charles’s job, the Smiths’ house
表示各自的所有关系时,各名词末尾均须加’s Japan’s and America’s problems, Jane’s and Mary’s bikes
表示共同的所有关系时在最后一词末加’s Japan and America’s problems, Jane and Mary’s father
表示”某人家””店铺”,所有格后名词省略 the doctor’s, the barber’s, the tailor’s, my uncle’s
2. ’s所有格的用法:
1 表示日期 today’s newspaper, five weeks’ holiday
2 表示大方现象 the earth’s atmosphere, the tree’s branches
3 表示国度城市等地方的名词 the country’s plan, the world’s population, China’s industry
4 表示工作群体 the ship’s crew, majority’s view, the team’s victory
5 表示度量衡及价值 a mile’s journey, five dollars’ worth of apples
6 与人类活动有特殊关系的名词 the life’s time, the play’s plot
7 某些稳定词组 a bird’s eye view, a stone’s throw, at one’s wit’s end(惘然失措)
3. of所有格的用法:
用于无性命的东西:the legs of the chair, the cover of the book
用于有性命的东西,奇特是有较长定语时:the classrooms of the first-year students
用于名词化的词:the struggle of the oppressed

二.冠词
冠词分为不定冠词(a, an),定冠词(the),和零冠词。
I. 不定冠词的用法:
1 指一类人或事,相当于a kind of A plane is a machine that can fly.
2 第顺次提及某人某物,非特指 A boy is waiting for you.
3 表示“每一”相当于every,one We study eight hours a day.
4 表示“相同”相当于the same We are nearly of an age.
5 用于人名前,表示不认识此人或与某名人有类似性质的人或事 A Mr. Smith came to visit you when you were out
That boy is rather a Lei Feng.
6 用于稳定词组中 A couple of, a bit, once upon a time, in a hurry, have a walk, many a time
7 用于quite, rather, many, half, what, such之后 This room is rather a big one.
8 用于so(as, too, how)+形容词之后 She is as clever a girl as you can wish to meet.
II. 定冠词的用法:
1 表示某一类人或物 The horse is a useful animal.
2 用于世上绝无仅有的事物名词前 the universe, the moon, the Pacific Ocean
3 表示言语两方都探听的或上文提到过的人或事 Would you mind opening the door?
4 用于乐器前面 play the violin, play the guitar
5 用于形容词和分词前表示一类人 the reach, the living, the wounded
6 表示“一家人”或“夫妇” the Greens, the Wangs
7 用于序数词和形容词副词比拟级最高级前 He is the taller of the two children.
8 用于国度党派等以及江河湖海,山川群岛的名词前 the United States, the Communist Party of China, the French
9 用于表示创造物的单数名词前 The compass was invented in China.
10 在逢十的复数数词之前,指世纪的某个年代 in the 1990’s
11 用于表示单位的名词前 I hired the car by the hour.
12 用于方位名词,身体部位名词,及表示日期的词组前 He patted me on the shoulder.
III. 零冠词的用法:
1 专知名词,物质名词笼统名词,人名地名等名词前 Beijing University, Jack, China, love, air
2 名词前有this, my, whose, some, no, each, every等局限 I want this book, not that one. / Whose purse is this?
3 季节,月份,礼拜,节假日,一日三餐前 March, Sunday, National Day, spring
4 表示职位,身份,头衔的名词前 Lincoln was made President of America.
5 学科,语言,球类,棋类名词前 He likes playing football/chess.
6 与by连用表示交通工具的名词前 by train, by air, by land
7 以and联结的两个相对的名词并用时 husband and wife, knife and fork, day and night
8 表示泛指的复数名词前 Horses are useful animals.

三.代词:
I. 代词能够分为以下七大类:
1 人称代词 主格 I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they
宾格 me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them
2 物主代词 形容词性 my, your, his, her, its, our, their
名词性 mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
3 反身代词 myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
4 指示代词 this, that, these, those, such, some
5 疑问代词 who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever
6 关系代词 that, which, who, whom, whose, as
7 不定代词 one/ some/ any, each/ every, none/ no, many/ much, few/ little/ a few/ a little,
other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either
II. 不定代词用法留神点:
1. one, some与any:
1) one能够泛指任何人,也可特指,复数为ones。some多用于评判句,any多用于疑问句和抵赖句。
One should learn to think of others.
Have you any bookmarks? No, I don’t have any bookmarks.
I have some questions to ask.
2) some可用于疑问句中,表示巴望获取评判的答对,或许表示创议,哀求等。
Would you like some bananas? Could you give me some money?
3) some 和any装点可数名词单数时,some表示某个,any表示任何一个。
I have read this article in some magazine. Please correct the mistakes, if any.
4) some和数词连用表示“大略”,any可与比拟级连用表示程度。
There are some 3,000 students in this school. Do you feel any better today?
2. each和every:
each着重各别,代表的数能够是两个或两个以上,而every着重群体,所指的数必须是三个或三个以上。
Each student has a pocket dictionary. / Each (of us) has a dictionary. / We each have a dictionary.
Every student has strong and weak points. / Every one of us has strong and weak points.
3. none和no:
no等于not any,作定语。none作主语或宾语,轮换不可数名词,谓语用单数,轮换可数名词,谓语单复数皆能够。
There is no water in the bottle.
How much water is there in the bottle? None.
None of the students are (is) afraid of difficulties.
4. other和another:
1) other泛指“此外的,别的”常与其他词连用,如:the other day, every other week, some other reason, no other way,
the other特指两者中的此外一个,复数为the others。如:
He held a book in one hand and his notes in the other.
Two students in our class failed, but all the others passed the exam.
2) another指“又一个,另一个”无所指,复数形式是others,泛指“别的人或事”如:
I don’t like this shirt, please show me another (one).
The trousers are too long, please give me another pair / some others.
Some like football, while others like basketball.
5. all和both, neither和either
all表示不可数名词时,其谓语动词用单数。both和all加抵赖词表示部分抵赖,整套抵赖用neither和none.
All of the books are not written in English. / Not all of the books are written in English.
Both of us are not teachers. / Not both of us are teachers. / Either of us is a teacher.

四.形容词和副词
I. 形容词:
1. 形容词的位置:
1) 形容词作定语日常前置,但在下列状况后置:
1 装点some, any, every, no和body, thing, one等构成的复合不定代词时 nobody absent, everything possible
2 以-able, -ible结尾的形容词可置于有最高级或only装点的名词之后 the best book available, the only solution possible
3 alive, alike, awake, aware, asleep等可未来置 the only person awake
4 和空间、日期、单位连用时 a bridge 50 meters long
5 成对的形容词可未来置 a huge room simple and beautiful
6 形容词短语平凡后置 a man difficult to get on with
2) 多个形容词装点同一个名词的次序:
代词 数词 性状形容词
冠词前的形容词 冠词
指示代词
不定代词
代词所有格 序数词 基数词 性质
态势 大小
长短
形状 新旧
温度 颜色 国籍
产地 资料
质地 名词
all
both
such the
a
this
another
your second
next one
four beautiful
good
poor large
short
square new
cool black
yellow Chinese
London silk
stone
3) 复合形容词的构成:
1 形容词+名词+ed kind-hearted 6 名词+形容词 world-famous
2 形容词+形容词 dark-blue 7 名词+当前分词 peace-loving
3 形容词+当前分词 ordinary-looking 8 名词+先前分词 snow-covered
4 副词+当前分词 hard-working 9 数词+名词+ed three-egged
5 副词+先前分词 newly-built 10 数词+名词 twenty-year
II. 副词
副词的分类:
1 日期副词 soon, now, early, finally, once, recently 5 频度副词 always, often, frequently, seldom, never
2 地点副词 here, nearby, outside, upwards, above 6 疑问副词 how, where, when, why
3 形式副词 hard, well, fast, slowly, excitedly, really 7 联结副词 how, when, where, why, whether, however, meanwhile
4 程度副词 almost, nearly, very, fairly, quite, rather 8 关系副词 when, where, why
III. 形容词和副词比拟等级:
形容词和副词的比拟等级分为原级,比拟级和最高级。比拟级和最高级的构成平凡是在形容词和副词后加-er和-est,多音节和一些双音节词前加more 和most。
1. 同级比拟时常常用 as…as…以及not so(as)…as…如:I am not so good a player as you are.
2. 能够装点比拟级的词有:much, many, a lot, even, far, a bit, a little, still, yet, by far, any, a great deal。
3. 表示一方随另一方变换时用“the more…the more…”句型。如:The harder you work, the more progress you will make.
4. 用比拟级来表白最高级的意思。如:I have never spent a more worrying day.
5. 表示倍数的比拟级有如下几种句型:
Our school is three times larger than yours./Our school is four times as large as yours./Our school is four times the size of yours.
6. 表示“最高程度“的形容词不曾最高级和比拟级。如:favourite, excellent, extreme, perfect。

五.介词
I. 介词分类:
1 简单介词 about, across, after, against, among, around, at, below, beyond, during, in, on
2 混杂介词 inside, into, onto, out of, outside, throughout, upon, within, without
3 短语介词 according to, because of, instead of, up to, due to, owing to, thanks to
4 双重介词 from among, from behind, from under, till after, in between
5 分词转变成的介词 considering(就而论), including
6 形容词转变成的介词 like, unlike, near, next, opposite
II. 常用介词差别:
1 表示日期的in, on, at at表示刹那的日期,in表示一段的日期,on总是与日期有关
2 表示日期的since, from since 指从先前到当前的一段日期,和完结时连用,from指从日期的某一点初步
3 表示日期的in, after in指在一段日期之后,after表示某一透彻日期点之后或用在先前时的一段日期中
4 表示地理位置的in, on, to in表示在某范围内,on指与什么毗邻,to指在某环境范围之外
5 表示“在…上”的on, in on只表示在某物的外表上,in表示占去某物一部分
6 表示“穿越”的through, across through表示从内部穿越,与in有关,across表示在外表上穿越,与on有关
7 表示“关于”的about, on about指关系到,on指专门论述
8 between与among的差别 between表示在两者之间,among用于三者或三者以上的当中
9 besides与except的差别 besides指“除非…还有再加上”,except指“除非,扣除什么”,不放在句首
10 表示“用”的in, with with表示透彻的工具,in表示资料,形式,办法,度量,单位,语言,声响
11 as与like的差别 as意为“作为,以…地位或身份”,like为“象…一样”,指状况类似
12 in与into差别 in日常表示位置(静态),into表示趋势,不表示目的地或位置

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初中英语总复习资料

新目标初中英语总温习资料精品讲义
词汇(一)
一、名词 关于名词,我们必须把握名词的数,名词的格。
单数可用a、an来装点可数名词单数,在元音发音开始的单词前用an,而不是a
1.复数的构成办法:(1)平凡在复数名词后加s,如:dog--dogs。
(2)以s、x、ch、sh结尾的名词加es,如:watch--watches。
(3)以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i加es, 如:country--countries。
请差别:假使是元音字母加y结尾的名词,则只须加s。 如:monkey--monkeys。
(4)以o结尾的名词,只有potato(土豆),tomato(西红柿)加es构成复数。
(5)以f、fe结尾的名词,变f、fe为v再加es, 如:knife--knives。
2.单复数形式相同的词:sheep--sheep,fish--fish Chinese--Chinese,Japanese--Japanese
3.特殊变换的单词有:(1)tooth--teeth,foot--feeth
(2)man--men,woman--women,policeman--policemen,Frenchman--Frenchmen
请差别:German(德国人)—Germans (3)child—children
4.常以复数形式揭示的名词:people(人),clothes(衣服),trousers(裤子) glasses(眼镜) ,这些名词作主语时,学友们应奇特留神它们的谓语,用复数。 如:My clothes are (be) newer than yours.
5.有些名词看似复数形式,的确上是单数。这一点是学友不易把握的,应奇特加以记忆。如:news(消息),maths(数学),physics(物理) No news is good news.
6.可用how many,many,a few,few,a lot of,lots of,some,any等来装点可数名词复数。 How many are there in your pencil-box?(knife)
不可数名词:1.常见的不可数名词有:water,rice,fish,meat,等。应奇特记medicine,news,work,homework,housework,money,chalk,weather,cotton,wood.
2.不可数名词无复数,作主语常常当做单数。如:Some bread__________over there.(be)
3.常用how much,much,a little,little,a lot of,some,any等来装点不可数名词。
4.常用a piece of,a cup of等来表示不可数名词的量。如要表白“两片面包”这样的含义,bread仍为不可数名词,不加s,而piece则可加s。即:twopiecesof bread
请差别:可数名词也可用量来表示, 如:三箱苹果three boxes of apples
名词的格 名词所有格的构成办法,在名词后加“ 's”。如:Tom→Tom's译为“…的”,若遇上以s结尾的复数名词,则在s后加“ '”即可。如:Teachers'Day , twoweeks'holiday,而不以s结尾的复数名词的所有格,仍按惯例加's 。如:Children's Day
关于名词所有格,应把握以下几点:
1.可用名词所有格表示地点。 如:my aunt's 我姑姑家。 go to the doctor's 去医生家。
2.表示两人共同占有,在最后一个名词后加's 如:Lucy and Lily's 露西和莉莉
3.把握词组:a girl of five 一个五岁的女孩 a friend of mine 我的一个好友
eg;The white shirt is and blue one is . A、Kate,my B.Kate's,mine C.Kate,mine D.Kate's,my
二、冠词
冠词是词汇中的根基的,也是简单的部分,所以学友们有必要把握其大约用法,综合起来,学友们应该把握以下几点: 1.冠词指不定冠词a,an和定冠词the
2.不定冠词an常用于元音发音开始的词前,如:an hour,an English car. 请差别:a useful machine
3.指上文提到过的人或物,用定冠词the
4.在世界上绝无仅有的事物前用定冠词the.如:the sun,the moon,the earth
5.定冠词the用于序数词前,表示方位的名词和形容词最高级前。如:the first,the best ,in the south
6.在复数姓氏前加the,表示××一家人,常当做复数。
如:The Browns are going to Shanghai for a holiday this summer.
7.在介词短语中常用定冠词the,如:in the box ,behind the chair
8.奇特留神不能用定冠词the的几个方面:
(1)在佳节、礼拜、月份、季节、年等词前不用冠词。如:in summer,in August
请差别:in the spring of 1945. (此处表示特指,故加the)
(2)一日三餐和球类活动名不用冠词。 如:have breakfast ,play football
(3)一些稳定词组中,如:go to bed ,go to school,by bus ,at night.
9.在有些词组中,有冠词和无冠词意思不同,请留神差别:
in front of 在…前面 in the hospital 在医院里
in the front of 在…范围内的前部 in hospital (得病)住院
三、数词
学友们首先应会读会写所有基数词和序数词,以及与数词有关的钟点表白法。对数词的考查,中考常采纳单选题及听力题,这些题型综合起来,应把握以下几点奇特简捷出错的地方。
1.基数词变序数词。其规律为:
1,2,3特殊记,加th从4起 (first,second,third,fourth)
8少t,9去e,千万别忘怀 (eighth,ninth) 逢5逢12,ve变f (fifth,twelfth)
20到90,y要变ie (twentieth,ninetieth) 若是几十几,前基后序别倒位 (ninety-first)
2.hundred,thousand,million 在构成透彻的数字时用单数形式。 如:five hundred people. 只有在表白隐约的多数时才加s,构成复数形式。
hundreds of 数以百计的,成百上千的 thousands of 数以千计的,数以万计的
millions of 数百万的 这些词组前不能用透彻数字。
3.序数词常与定冠词the 连用。
此外,学友们还应把握与数词有关的钟点表白法。
顺读法(钟点+分钟) 如:4:30 four thirty 4:45 four forty-five
4:15 four fifteen 倒读法(分钟+to/past+钟点) 如:4:30 half past four
4:15 fifteen past four/a quarter past four 4:45 fifteen to five/a quarter to five
四.代词
①人称代词: 主格: 单数I 、you 、he 、she 、it 复数 we 、you 、they
宾格: 单数me 、you 、him 、her 、it 复数us 、you 、them
⑵物主代词: 形容词性 my 、your 、his 、her 、its 、our 、your 、their
名词性 mine 、yours 、his 、hers 、its 、ours 、yours 、theirs
③反身代词: myself 、yourself 、himself 、herself 、itself 、ourselves 、yourselves 、themselves
1.形容词性物主代词在句中只能作定语,相当于一个形容词,名词性物主代词在句中可作表语、主语和宾语,相当于一个名词。
2.留神名词性物主代词在句中所指代的关系,是单数还是复数。
如:⑴These books aren't ours. Ours are new. (此处ours=our books)
⑵This is not our room. Ours is over there. (此处ours=our room)
3."of+名词性物主代词"表示所属 如:a sister of his 他的一个妹妹 a friend of mine 我的一个好友
4.人称代词在并排应用时的次序为:“第二人称第三人称,第一人称”。
如:You, she and I all enjoy the music.
5.关于反身代词,学友们须把握其稳定构造:
enjoy oneself=have a good time (过得很愉快) by oneself=alone (单独、单独)
help oneself to… (任性吃/喝 些 ) learn sth. by oneself =teach oneself sth. (自学)
(二) 装点可数名词 many few 表抵赖含义 a few 表评判含义
装点不数名词 much little 表抵赖含义 a little 表评判含义 few 和 little 与 quite 或 only 连用时,常加不定冠词 a.如:There are quite a few new books in the library.=
(三)不定代词: something, anything, nothing.
当形容词装点这三个不定代词时,常后置。 如:something new
(四)此外,还要留神代词some, every, all, both, either, another
1.some(一些,某) 平凡用于评判句中 注:some有时也可用于表示哀求的疑问句中。
any(任何) 多用于疑问句和抵赖句
① Will you give me some water? ② Would you like some meat?
③ May I ask some questions? ④ Could I have some apples?
2.every+单数名词 “每一个” 着重共性,作定语,形式上为单数。
each “每一个” 着重个性,作定语、主语、宾语和同位语,常与of连用。
如: Each student was asked to try again. Each of them has a nice skirt.
Every child likes playing games.
3.all “(整套)都” 表示三者或三者以上,作同位语时,平凡放在连系、助动词之后,行动动词之前。
none “不曾”表示三者或三者以上都不,后常跟介词of
如: We are all from Canada. = All of us are from Canada.
None of us is/are afraid of dogs.(单、复数均可)
4.both “(两者)都” ,作主语时,看作复数;作定语时,后跟名词复数。
either “两者中任何一个” ,作主语时,谓语用第三人称单数;作定语时,后跟名词单数。
neither “(两者)都不”,含有抵赖含义,用法同either。
如:①They both swim well. =Both of them swim well.
②There are trees on both sides of the street. = There are trees on either side of the street.
③Neither of us is going to Beijing next week.
④Neither answer is right.
5. another +单数名词, “另一个”
one … the other “一个……,另一个……”
the other +复数名词 = the others “其他的人或物” (指评判范围内剩下的整套) others “旁人”
(五)疑问代词 5个“wh”, 即who, whose, whom, what, which
此处,which是学友们不易把握的内容,其实,学友们只须记住,对作定语的内容提问,常用which.
二、形容词 副词
大多数的形容词、副词都有三个等级: 原级:比拟级: 比拟 ,更 一些 最高级: 最
(A)1.构成:(法度状况)状况 变 化 方 法 例 词
单音节词和半点双音节词: 平凡状况 加er, est clever-cleverer-cleverest
以字母e结尾 加r, st nice-nicer-nicest
重读闭音节、末尾只有一个辅音字母时 双写加er, est big-bigger-biggest
以辅音字母加y结尾 变y为i加er, est early-earlier-earliest
部分双音节和多音节词 在词前加more, most   slowly-more slowly-most slowly
2.不法度变换,须熟记: good/well-better-best many/much-more-most far-farther-farthest
bad/badly/ill-worse-worst little-less-least
(B)常见的应用状况
1.as … as … 和 一样(当中用原级)
2.not as(so) … as 和 不一样(当中用原级)
3… than …. ..比 (用比拟级)
4.有范围装点的用最高级 如:in, of, among或用从句装点的
eg.⑴Winter is the coldest season of the year. ⑵This is the best film that I have ever seen .
5.比拟级+and+比拟级 意为“越来越….eg: wetter and wetter more and more beautiful
6. The+比拟级,the+比拟级 越… 就越… eg:The more, the better. 越多越好
(C)留神点:1.形容词最高级前必须要用the,副词最高级前可省略。
2.可用much, a little, even, still等装点比拟级。
3.在比拟级中为了防止重复,在than后常用one,that,those等词来轮换前面提到过的名词。
eg:The weather here is warmer than that of Shanghai.
(D)把握三种同义句转换:
1.He is taller than any other student in his class. =He is the tallest (student)in his class.
2.This film is less interesting than that one. =This film isn't as interesting as that one.
=That film is more interesting than this one.
3.I prefer maths to English. =I like maths better than English.
此外,关于形容词、副词的内容学友们还须把握:
1.形容词装点名词作定语,跟在连系动词之后作表语。
2.副词装点动词、形容词或其它副词 enough属除外词:形/副+enough to do enough+名词
例如;She is old enough to go to school. 她够上学的年岁了。
3.差别几组易等同的副词: 也 too用于评判、疑问句 also 较为正式书面语 either 用于抵赖句 已经 already 常用于评判句、疑问句 yet 常用于抵赖句、疑问句
不再 no (not any) longer 从日期上讲 no (not any) more 从动作上讲
如此这样 such 装点名词 eg: such a big box
so 装点形容词、副词 eg: so big 单独、单独 alone 作表语 =by oneself 孤寂的 lonely 可作表语、定语 eg:A group of girls are singing and dancing ______ over there. (happy)
一、 介词
1.与形容词调配的词组有: be afraid of (怕) be angry with (生某人的气)
be away from (不在某地) be different from (与…不同)
be good at (擅长) be good/ bad for (对…有利/有害) be interested in (对…感兴致) be late for (延迟) be/get ready for (为作好准备) be sure of (对…有把握)
be worried about (为…感到担心)
2.介词后常用人称代词宾格和动词-ing形式
1)You must take good care of her. 2)Thank you for teaching us so well.
3.几组易等同的介词
A. “在 之后” in + 一段日期(用于平凡未来时)
after + 一段日期(用于平凡先前时) after + 一点日期(常用于平凡未来时)
如:The baby stopped crying after half an hour.
The baby will stop crying in half an hour. They will visit their teacher after Friday.
B. for +一段日期 since +先前的一点日期
这两者均用于当前完结时,透彻在时态部分,我会继续向学友们讲述。
C. be made of "用……制成" be made in “由某地制造”be made by somebody “由某人制成”
D. in, on, at表日期 in “在某月(季节、年)等” eg:in 1996, in January, in summer
稳定词组:in the morning, in a week,in a minute,in time, in the end
on "用于指透彻的某一天或专指某一天上午、下午或晚上乘"
eg:on Christmas Day, on the night of February 16
at “用于透彻时刻前和某些稳定词组中”
稳定词组:at seven, at the moment, at night, at last, at first, at noon, at times, at once, at this time of the year, at the beginning of, at the end of this month, at the same time 留神:在表日期里,下列状况下平凡不用介词。词组里有:next, last, this, that, tomorrow, yesterday, one, every, all 以及the day before yesterday和the day after tomorrow 前不用介词 。 如:不能说 in tomorrow ,只能说 tomorrow 在明天
E. except +宾格/doing something "除…之外” (不包罗本身)
Everyone is at school today except Lin Tao. (同义句转换) =Only Lin Tao isn't at school today.
F. “用” 穿越交通工具 by plane
用语言 in English 穿越媒介 on /over the telephone, on /over the radio, on TV
用工具手法 with a pen, with one's hands
G. between “在~和~(两者)之间”
between and , between the two among 在 之间(三者或三者以上)
eg.Sue spent over two hours ___ her homework yesterday evening. A.on B.with C.at D.over
二、 连词
1.并排连词 both…and 既~又~谓语用复数动词
neither…nor 既不~也不~含抵赖含义,(就近准绳)谓语动词由逼近它的那个主语来定夺单复数。 either…or… “或许 …或许…”“不是…即使…”
and“和” 联结两个并排成分,联结谓语时,两个动词时态应一致。
but “可是” 表转折,不能与 though 同时出当前句中。
or “或许”在抵赖句中,并排句中的罗列常用 or,而不用 and。 Eg: I have brothers and sisters.(否) I don't have brothers or sisters.= I have no brothers and no sisters.
2.引导宾语从句的连词
陈述句:that 可省略 平凡疑问句:if /whether “是否” 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词
3.引导原因状从的有:because (不能与so同时出当前句中)
4.引导日期状语从句的连词:
A. when(当…时候),as soon as…(一…就),not…until(直到…才),after(在…之后),引导的主从复合句,主句为平凡未来时,从句则用平凡当前时来轮换平凡未来时。 Eg: I won't leave until he comes back.
B. since(自从…以来)引导的主从复合句,主句为当前完结时,从句用平凡先前时。 Eg:We haven't met each other since she left here last year.
C. while(当…时候,一边…一边…)它引导的日期状语从句常用进行时态。
Eg: My father came in while I was doing my homework.
5.引导条件状语从句的连词: if “假使”,引导条件状从,主句用平凡未来时,从句则用平凡当前时。请差别于if“是否”相当于 whether,引导宾语从句,时态根据语境评判   

人教版初中英语总复习资料

一、接不定式作宾语的动词
  【速记口诀】
  三个巴望两应承,两个要求莫拒绝;
  念头学会做定夺,不要假装在抉择。
  【妙语诠释】 三个巴望两应承:hope,wish,want,agree,promise
  两个要求莫拒绝:demand,ask,refuse
  念头学会做定夺:manage,learn,decide
  不要假装在抉择:petend,choose
  不定式初中英语中的用法极端的普遍,当然在中考英语的考试中也常常碰到,大家必须要留神。此处只是不定式的口诀,小牛英语https://m.niuyingyu.cn/czyy/上面有不定式的透彻用法。

  二、接动名词作宾语的动词
  【速记口诀】
  Mrs. P Black missed a beef bag. (P•布莱克夫人丢了一个牛肉袋。)
  【妙语诠释】 该句话中每个字母代表了一个动词或短语,这些动词要求后面跟动名词作宾语。这些动词离别是:
  M=mind, r=risk, s=succeed in,P=practice,B=be busy, l=look forward to,a=admit,c=can’t help, k=keep on, m=miss,i=insist on,s=suggest,s=stop,e=enjoy,d=delay,
  a=avoid,b=be worth,a=advise,g=give up。

初三英语买什么资料好!

我创议假使是优等生就不用买资料了,多看看笔记,加强一下语感就能够了,中考英语没那么恐怖,千万不要再细枝末节上下功夫,对于初三学生已经不曾那么多日期扣高难度题了。至于中等生,应该买专项类的,推举《五年中考,三年模仿》,主要过一遍大约,经典题必须要把握就能够。不要看轻英语笔记,多看看老师讲的,对你会很有救助。课本我就不明白了,我是沈阳的,这边大约就不考课本 我英语什么都没看,考了138分,经验即使日常多聚积。还有,做过的错题必须要常常回忆,知识点要评判,这些就差不多了吧。

繁琐采纳,谢谢!

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